Amelanchier canadensis
Shadblow Serviceberry

 Plant Type:
 Deciduous / Evergreen:
White (Borne on racemes; Beautiful upright clusters of 5-petaled white flowers that appear in early spring)
Green (Medium to dark green summer foliage); Multi-Colored (Attractive fall color that can range from yellow and gold to orange and red)
Black (Small, round red fruits that ultimately mature to black in early to mid-summer)
 Ultimate Height:
6-20 feet
 Ultimate Spread:
6-20 feet
Prefers moist, well-drained soils, but is quite adaptable
Eastern North America
 Diagnostic Characteristics:
Leaves are alternate, simple, elliptic, rounded, finely serrated, and 1.5-2.5" long by 0.5-1.25" wide. The young leaves are densely pubescent, becoming glabrous at maturity. Compared to A. arborea and A. laevis, the flower petals of A. canadensis are slightly shorter and much more strongly obovate. Bark is gray and smooth.

Additional Information

Amelanchier canadensis, the Shadblow Serviceberry, tends to be confused with Amelanchier arborea, the Downy Serviceberry, and Amelanchier laevis, the Allegheny Serviceberry. However, A. canadensis, compared to A. arborea and A. laevis, is generally much more shrub-like (often forming thickets), flowers a week later, and produces upright flower clusters (as opposed to the pendulous racemes of A. arborea and A. laevis). The Shadblow Serviceberry is excellent for woodland plantings, naturalizing, and along stream and pond banks. The black berries are edible and sweet, often used in pies, jams, and jellies.

When Amelanchier canadensis has been observed flowering or fruiting at Purdue University


No Fruiting Observations Available

66 Amelanchier canadensis found

Building Map...


The Purdue Arboretum is a collaboration between the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture and Physical Facilities Grounds Department

Purdue Arboretum, 625 Agriculture Mall Dr, West Lafayette, IN, 47907
© 2024 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Integrity Statement | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by the Purdue Arboretum
Contact Purdue Arboretum at for accessibility issues with this page | Accessibility Resources | Contact Us